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Square in opposite directions (Silksreen) - Max BILL


Square in opposite directions, 1968

Silksreen LCD6458




Max Bill, born on December 22, 1908 in Winterthur, Switzerland, and died on December 9, 1994, was a Swiss artist, architect, painter, sculptor, graphic designer, and designer. He is renowned for his significant influence in concrete art and functionalist design. He is considered one of the pioneers of the modern style in Switzerland and an important representative of the Bauhaus.

Bill began his education at the age of 16 as a silver-plating apprentice before enrolling in 1927 at the School of Applied Arts in Zurich. In 1929, he discovered the work of Le Corbusier, which decisively influenced his orientation towards architecture. From 1927 to 1929, he studied at the Bauhaus in Dessau under the tutelage of Josef Albers, László Moholy-Nagy, Paul Klee, and Vassily Kandinsky, where he assimilated the principles of functionalism and formal simplicity.

Returning to Switzerland, he started working as an architect and designer while continuing his artistic career. In 1936, Bill organized the first concrete art exhibition in Switzerland, showcasing works focused on geometric abstraction and pure color. His works in painting, sculpture, and graphic design pursue balance and harmony, often using simple geometric forms.

After World War II, he became an active member of Allianz, a group of modern Swiss artists, and participated in the creation of the Hochschule für Gestaltung in Ulm, which became an influential center for industrial design. As a professor and theorist, Bill had a considerable impact on the development of modern industrial design.

His artworks have been exhibited in numerous international galleries and museums, and he received several prestigious awards, including the Grand Prix of the Triennale di Milano in 1951 for his work in industrial design. His monumental sculptures, characterized by geometric rigor and simplicity, are installed in public spaces around the world.

Bill also played a significant role in Swiss cultural politics and was an advocate for artistic education and design. He was elected as a member of the Swiss parliament for the Socialist Party in 1967.

His contribution to architecture includes the design of residential and industrial buildings, where he applied his principles of functionality and simplicity. Max Bill left a lasting legacy in the fields of art, design, and architecture, influencing generations of artists, designers, and architects. He passed away in 1994, but his work continues to be a reference in concrete art and modern design.

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Two galleries in Paris

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